In machine learning, the training set is a subset of labeled data used to train a machine learning model. It consists of input samples (also called instances or examples) and their corresponding target labels or output values. The purpose of the training set is to enable the model to learn patterns, relationships, and generalizations from the data.
This set is typically created by gathering a sufficient amount of labeled data relevant to the problem at hand. The data is divided into two parts: the training set and the test set (or sometimes a validation set). The training set is used to train the model, while the test set is used to evaluate its performance.
Here are some key points about the training set:
Input Samples: Each sample in the training set represents an input to the model. These inputs can be in the form of numerical features, textual data, images, time series, or any other type of data that the model is designed to handle.
Target Labels: It also includes the corresponding target labels or output values for each input sample. The labels can be binary (e.g., yes/no), categorical (e.g., classes or categories), or continuous (e.g., numerical values).
Supervised Learning: This set is commonly used in supervised learning, where the model is trained to learn the relationship between input features and their corresponding labels. During training, the model adjusts its parameters or internal representations based on the provided input-output pairs.
Size and Quality: The size and quality of the training set are crucial for effective model training. A larger training set generally provides more representative and diverse examples, allowing the model to learn better. Additionally, the quality of the labels and the absence of biased or erroneous data are important factors in ensuring the training set’s reliability.
Randomization: It is common practice to randomize the order of the samples in the set to avoid any potential bias introduced by the order of the data. Randomization helps ensure that the model does not learn any patterns specific to the order of the samples.
Cross-Validation: To evaluate the model’s performance and generalize its effectiveness beyond the training set, it is common to split the training set further into training and validation subsets. Cross-validation techniques such as k-fold cross-validation or hold-out validation can be used to assess the model’s performance on unseen data.
Remember that the training set is distinct from the test set, which is used to assess the model’s performance and generalization ability. It is important to maintain a clear separation between the training and test sets to avoid overfitting and obtain an unbiased evaluation of the model’s performance.
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.