What is Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM)? LSTM Explained
Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) is a type of recurrent neural network (RNN) architecture that is designed to effectively capture and model long-term dependencies in sequential data. It was introduced to address the limitations of traditional RNNs, which struggle to capture and propagate information over long sequences.
Here are some key points about Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM):
RNN architecture: LSTM is a variant of the RNN architecture, which is designed to process sequential data by maintaining a hidden state that captures information from previous time steps. This hidden state is updated and passed along as the network processes new inputs.
Memory cells: The key component of an LSTM is the memory cell, which is responsible for storing and updating information over time. The memory cell is composed of different gates that control the flow of information, including the input gate, forget gate, and output gate.
Input gate: The input gate determines how much new information should be stored in the memory cell from the current input and the previous hidden state. It selectively updates the memory cell based on the input and the current context.
Forget gate: The forget gate controls which information should be discarded from the memory cell. It decides how much of the previous memory should be forgotten and prevents the accumulation of irrelevant information over long sequences.
Output gate: The output gate determines how much of the memory cell’s content should be exposed to the next hidden state and the output of the LSTM. It filters the memory cell’s content to produce the relevant output at each time step.
Cell state: The cell state represents the long-term memory of the LSTM. It is updated by the input gate, forget gate, and output gate operations, allowing the LSTM to retain relevant information and discard irrelevant or outdated information.
Training: LSTMs, like other neural networks, are trained using backpropagation through time (BPTT) or variants of gradient descent. The network learns to adjust the weights and biases to minimize the difference between the predicted output and the target output.
Applications: LSTMs are widely used in various tasks involving sequential data, such as natural language processing (e.g., language modeling, machine translation), speech recognition, sentiment analysis, time series forecasting, and handwriting recognition. LSTMs have shown strong performance in capturing long-term dependencies and modeling complex sequential patterns.
LSTMs have become a powerful tool in deep learning, particularly for tasks involving sequential data where long-range dependencies are crucial. Their ability to capture and propagate information over long sequences makes them well-suited for modeling and predicting sequences with complex patterns and dependencies.
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