What is Shallow Learning? Shallow Learning Explained
Shallow learning, also known as shallow machine learning or traditional machine learning, refers to a class of machine learning algorithms that typically involve a single layer of data transformation and learning. Unlike deep learning models, which are composed of multiple layers of interconnected nodes, shallow learning models have a simpler structure and are easier to interpret and understand.
Shallow learning algorithms aim to find patterns and relationships in the input data to make predictions or decisions. These algorithms often rely on handcrafted features extracted from the data and utilize simple mathematical models for learning and inference. Some common examples of shallow learning algorithms include:
Logistic Regression: A linear model used for binary or multi-class classification. It models the relationship between the input features and the predicted probabilities of different classes.
Support Vector Machines (SVM): A binary classification algorithm that finds the optimal hyperplane to separate the data into different classes. SVM can also handle non-linear classification tasks by using kernel functions.
Random Forest: An ensemble learning algorithm that combines multiple decision trees to make predictions. Each tree is trained on a different subset of the data and features, and the final prediction is made by aggregating the predictions of individual trees.
Naive Bayes: A probabilistic algorithm that calculates the posterior probability of each class given the input features using Bayes’ theorem. It assumes independence between features, leading to a simple and computationally efficient model.
k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN): A non-parametric algorithm that classifies a new data point based on the class labels of its k nearest neighbors in the feature space. The choice of k determines the model’s sensitivity to local patterns.
Shallow learning algorithms are widely used in various domains and can be effective for many tasks, especially when the dataset is relatively small or when interpretability is crucial. They require less computational resources and training data compared to deep learning models, making them more accessible and easier to implement.
However, shallow learning models may struggle with complex and high-dimensional data representations, where deep learning models often excel. Deep learning models can automatically learn hierarchical representations of data by stacking multiple layers of interconnected nodes, allowing them to capture intricate patterns and dependencies in the data. In contrast, shallow learning models rely on handcrafted features, which may limit their ability to generalize to new and unseen data.
The choice between shallow learning and deep learning depends on the specific problem, available data, computational resources, interpretability requirements, and desired performance.
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.